Several neighborhoods with a large concentration of Muslims have Muslims guards at the polling stations.
Their task is to deter and prevent Muslims who wish to participate in democracy by voting.
"We see guards, who in neighborhoods characterized as fundamentalist, watch the polling stations in their area and ensure that people don't go to vote. There are indirect threats. If there's somebody who wants to vote but is seen in the school where they should vote, the family risks being ostracized," says Mohammad Rafiq, integration consultant and author.