At this moment of sequester and belt-tightening, the U.S. government has delivered a reading list on Islam.
My alternative bibliography.
The National Endowment for the Humanities has joined with two private foundations
, Carnegie and Duke, to fund "Muslim Journeys," a project that aims to present "new and diverse perspectives on the people, places, histories, beliefs, practices, and cultures of Muslims in the United States and around the world." Its main component is the "Muslim Journeys Bookshelf
," a selection of 25 books and 3 films on Islam sent to nearly 1,000 libraries
as well as a website
and some other activities. Marvin Olasky
, who brought this project to public attention, estimates the whole project cost about US$1 million.
As one of the taxpayers who unwittingly contributed to this project as well as the compiler of my own bibliography on Islam and the Middle East, I take interest in the 25 books NEH selected for glory, spreading them around the country.
Some of the books, such as "The Arabian Nights," do have beautiful covers.
Softness characterizes its list: the 25 books quietly ignore current headlines so as to accentuate the attractive side of Islamic civilization, especially its medieval expression, and gently promote the Islam religion. It's not so exuberant an exercise as the British 1976 World of Islam Festival
, described at the time as "a unique cultural event that … was no less than an attempt to present one civilization—in all its depth and variety—to another." But then, how can one aspire to such grandeur with all that's happened in the intervening years?
NEH's list and mine do share minor commonalities: for example, one author (the Moroccan writer Fatima Mernissi) and one series (the Very Short Introductions series issued by Oxford University Press).
But our purposes could not be more different: whereas I help readers understand why Muslims fill 30 out of 32 slots on the most wanted terrorists list and how Islamism came to be the main vehicle of barbarism in the world today, the endowment's list shields the reader's eyes from all this unpleasantness. Where I provide background to the headlines, NEH ignores them and pretends all is well with Islam, as is the federal government's wont.
I seek to answer burning questions: Who was Muhammad? What is the historical impact of Islam? When is warfare jihad? Why did Islamism arise? How does tribal culture influence political life? Where can one locate signs of hope for Islam to moderate? In contrast, the NEH list offers a smattering of this and that – poetry, personal accounts, antiquities, architecture, religion and history, original texts, and a smidgeon of current events, preferably presented fictionally. For example, In the Country of Men by Hisham Matar, tells about a boy growing up in Qaddafi's Libya).
The "Washington Times" illustration for this article.
I suggest Marshall G. S. Hodgson's 3-volume scholarly masterpiece, The Venture of Islam
, while NEH proffers Jim Al-Khalili's derivative House of Wisdom: How Arabic Science Saved Ancient Knowledge and Gave Us the Renaissance
. I offer up books by sturdy anti-Islamist Muslims such as Khalid Durán's introduction to Islam or Bassam Tibi's Challenge of Fundamentalism
. The endowment, of course – for what else does a government agency
do? – promotes Islamists, including the Canadian phony moderate Ingrid Mattson and the Obama administration's favorite
My books are personal selections based on decades in the field; theirs is a mish-mash brokered by a committee of four standard-issue academics (Leila Golestaneh Austin, Giancarlo Casale, Frederick Denny, and Kambiz GhaneaBassiri) and one don't-rock-the-boat journalist (Deborah Amos).
The NEH bibliography reminds one of the Middle East Studies Association's annual meetings, which often avoid interesting or important topics in favor of such obscure feminist issues as "Problematizing 'Women's Place' in the Multiple Borderzones of Gender and Ethnic Politics in Turkey" and "The Turkish Women's Union and the Politics of Women's Rights in Turkey, 1929-1935."
As these titles suggest, today's scholars have a strange tendency to focus in on questions no one is asking, as do many of the NEH books. Anthony Shadid recounts in House of Stone: a Memoir of Home, Family, and a Lost Middle East his efforts to restore an ancestral home in Lebanon; Kamila Shamsie's Broken Verses: a Novel tells the story of a television journalist in Karachi.
As taxpayer and as specialist, I condemn the NEH list. Far from presenting "new and diverse perspectives," it offers the usual academic obfuscation mixed with Islamist triumphalism. It reminds us that of the many things governments should not do, one of them is to compile bibliographies.
Mr. Pipes (DanielPipes.org) is president of the Middle East Forum. © 2013 by Daniel Pipes. All rights reserved.
May 23, 2013 addendum: (1) To protest this bibliography, here is the address for Building Bridges: firstname.lastname@example.org
(2) Here is the complete list of books from the NEH list:
- A Quiet Revolution by Leila Ahmed
- Acts of Faith by Eboo Patel
- The Arabian Nights edited by Muhsin Mahdi
- The Art of Hajj by Venetia Porter
- Broken Verses by Kamila Shamsie
- The Butterfly Mosque by G. Willow Wilson
- The Children of Abraham by F. E. Peters
- The Columbia Sourcebook of Muslims in the United States edited by Edward E. Curtis IV
- The Conference of the Birds by Farid al-Din Attar
- Dreams of Trespass by Fatima Mernissi
- House of Stone by Anthony Shadid
- The House of Wisdom by Jim Al-Khalili
- In an Antique Land by Amitav Ghosh
- In the Country of Men by Hisham Matar
- Islamic Arts by Jonathan Bloom & Sheila Blair
- Leo Africanus by Amin Maalouf
- Minaret by Leila Aboulela
- Muhammad: A Very Short Introduction by Jonathan A.C. Brown
- The Ornament of the World by Maria Rosa Menocal
- Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood by Marjane Satrapi
- Prince Among Slaves by Terry Alford
- Rumi edited by Reynold A. Nicholson
- Snow by Orhan Pamuk
- The Story of the Qur'an by Ingrid Mattson
- When Asia Was the World by Stewart Gordon
May 30, 2013 update: The program is indeed turning up around the country. From a press release published in Bainbridge, Georgia:
Bainbridge State College's Library received a $4,500 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the American Library Association (ALA) to host a five-part reading and discussion series titled "Let's Talk About It: Muslim Journeys."
BSC's library is one of 125 libraries and state humanities councils across the country selected to participate in the project, which seeks to familiarize public audiences in the United States with the people, places, history, faith and cultures of Muslims in the United States and around the world. The Muslim Journeys theme the college library has chosen to explore is "Points of View." …
In January, the NEH awarded BSC a collection of books, films and other resources as part of the Muslim Journeys Bookshelf. …
BSC Vice President for Academic Affairs Tonya Strickland said the book discussions would be memorable experiences. … The books to be discussed are "Broken Verses" by Kamila Shamsie, "Dreams of Trespass" by Fatima Mernissi, "House of Stone" by Anthony Shadid, "In the Country of Men" by Hisham Matar and "Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood" by Marjane Satrapi. The discussion series will run from this September to March 2014.
June 18, 2013 update: Another grant, this one also for $4,500 from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Library Association, to Eastern Illinois University's Booth Library to host "Lets Talk About It: Muslim Journeys."
"We are delighted to have been chosen to host this unique series that will allow citizens of East Central Illinois a chance to explore and discuss some important themes in Muslim history and literature with the help of well-qualified scholars," said Allen Lanham, dean of library services. … Through the grant, the library will host a five-part book discussion moderated by these project scholars and Booth Library staff. A limited number of free books will be available for participants in the series. … In association with the grant, Booth will sponsor a semester-long programming series on Muslim culture during the spring semester of 2014. … All events will be free and open to the public.
July 18, 2013 update: And now the Dearborn Public Library received $3,500 from NEH and ALA for a five-part reading and discussion series, "Let's Talk About It: Muslim Journeys, Connected Histories." Isabella Rowan, project director and librarian at Henry Ford Centennial Library, commented:
We are excited for the opportunity to offer our patrons this unique scholarly experience right here at their local library. The 'Let's Talk About It' series is the equivalent of a college-level class, except it's free and there are no exams. … The Muslim journey through time has impacted our global humanity in profound and inspiring ways. Reading these books and joining these discussions may challenge some of your ideas about the past, but, hey, let's talk about it.
Ameena Mirza Qazi of CAIR.
July 22, 2013 update:The University of Redlands in California has announced its "Muslim Journeys" events. It's got the usual verbiage ("Learn more about the peoples, places, histories, faith, and cultures of Muslims in the United States and around the globe"), with one difference: the second of three speakers is Ameena Mirza Qazi; the ad does not give her affiliation but she is deputy executive director and staff attorney at the Los Angeles office of the Council on American-Islamic Relations ("She handles legal cases and provides legal advice to community members on civil rights issues"). So, (1) the U.S. government is legitimating a CAIR apparatchik and (2) the taxpayer is funding her.
Aug. 5, 2013 update: The Reporter-Herald of Loveland, Colorado, provides a purple-prose account ("opportunity to escape from the heat of summer and cool off with the wonders of the Islamic world and its art") of the Muslim Journeys offering at the public library.
More reports on "Muslim Journey" sessions:
- "Gilpin Library Footnotes," The Mountain Ear (Colorado), August 22, 2013.
- "Daisy Khan, Muslim Women's Activist and 'Ground Zero Mosque' Proponent, to Keynote 'Muslim Journeys' at LIU Post," Long Island University Post, September 16, 2013.
- Hatem Bazian, "I am leading five sessions in the Contra Costa Public Library with the Connected Histories Theme." Yahoo Groups, October 8, 2013.
- Westland Public Library, "Bridging Cultures: Muslim Journeys." October 19, 2013 and forward. Partnering with the Council on American-Islamic Relations, CAIR.
- Phil Bolton, "Islamic Speakers Bureau to Honor DeKalb Library and Marist School." October 23, 2013. Islamic Speakers Bureau to Honor DeKalb Library and Marist School, Jack Shaheen a speaker.
- Mike Osborne, "Muslim Journey's Bookshelf Series Continues at MTSU." November 14, 2013. About Moustafa Bayoumi discussing his book How Does It Feel to Be a Problem? Arab-American Life and U.S. Foreign Policy at Middle Tennessee State University.
Elizabeth Stapula, "Muslim Leader Speaks Candidly about School and Freedom in America," The Rotunda, February 5, 2014. About Shaykh Abdullah Nooruddeen Durkee at the Greenwood Library Atrium discussing "Travels in Muslim Lands." He gave a doozie of a talk. Excerpts of Stapula's description:
"Salaam alaikum" Nooruddeen began with an Arabic greeting of peace, followed by his "high hopes" for America to soon become a Muslim land. A statement, he said, we ought not have been offended by. … "Unfortunately...today education almost does not exist in America," Nooruddeen said in his first of many digressions, then going on to proclaim, "Very little education goes on in these walls;" a bold statement to make in a university setting. He cited that universities functioned primarily as a place of vocational study, despite having dropped out of high school and having never attended a university, himself. … Nooruddeen questioned our collective belief in the American ideal of "the home of the free and the brave." … Specifically, he called into question the actuality of a 747 hitting the Pentagon when taking into account the size of the hole and lack of titanium scrap at the site. … "Where's the freedom and democracy?" Nooruddeen questioned, referencing an America that would enter into wars with unprovoked countries, and close schools in order to avoid race mixing. … He then quoted Janis Joplin, saying "Freedom's just another word for nothing left to lose," and took a bow.
Comment: As a taxpayer, I am especially thrilled to have had a chance to help sponsor Nooruddeen.