Originally published under the title "Love Alone Is Not Enough."
In an impassioned November 16 monologue, popular Australian TV host Waleed Aly told viewers "what we actually need is more love" in the fight against ISIS.
Waleed Aly is a well-known Australian media commentator. This week on Channel Ten's The Project he produced an impassioned and compelling speech about the Paris killings. This went viral, achieving 27 million views on social media within just a few days. That is more hits than there are people in Australia.
According to Aly, ISIS is weak but it hides this because it wants us all to be afraid, very afraid. Its whole purpose is that our fear will turn to hate, and hate will ripen into "World War III."
All people of good will who would stand against ISIS, Muslim or non-Muslim alike, must therefore come together in unity. According to Aly, love, and less hate, is what we need.
Aly is absolutely right that we do need love. But like the air we breathe, love by itself is not enough. It is not all we need.
We also need truth, and a whole lot more of it. Jesus, the Lord of Life, came "full of grace and truth." Truth without grace becomes a police state. But grace without truth is every bit as dangerous.
Waleed Aly himself rightly identified the Paris atrocity as an "Islamist terrorist attack." It is not hatred to ask what this word "Islamist" actually means.
It is not victimizing Muslims to seek to understand the theology of the jihadis.
He was also right to point out that ISIS wants to set non-Muslims and Muslims against each other. But this is not all ISIS wants, and saying this does not explain why they want it. It is not enough to say "ISIS wants to cause World War III," for war is but a means to an end. This tactic is a symptom of a problem, not its root cause.
Asking hard questions is not evidence of lack of grace. It is not victimizing Muslims to seek to understand the theology of the jihadis. Asking how and why ISIS makes use of the Qur'an or the model of Muhammad is not vilification.
These points are important because the feeling of being unloved by itself is not enough to turn so many young people into killers. There are many communities in the world that experience hatred, but this is rarely enough on its own to give rise to virulent, violent global ideologies.
No one could dispute that the tactic of intentionally using violence to incite fear and hatred is one of the weapons in the jihadis' arsenal, but it is just that: a tactic. Hatred incited by violence is not the heart of the matter or the fundamental driver in this war. It is but a symptom of deeper things.
Hatred can fuel this war, but love alone will not put it out.
Love without truth can lead to blindness and suicidal submission.
Furthermore, a danger with Aly's rhetoric is that it could work as a wedge to separate love from truth, treating the two as strangers. It could be used as a pretext to censor those who ask the hard questions, on the grounds that this is ungracious. In this struggle it is wrong to privilege either love or truth, for we will need both.
Truth without love can cause endless heartache. This is true. But love without truth can cause blindness that meekly tolerates abuse and leads to suicidal submission.
This is likely to be a very long war. Relationships will be strained. And yes, we will all need a lot of compassion. But without truth to strengthen it, love alone will not save us.
Mark Durie, the pastor of an Anglican church and founder of the Institute for Spiritual Awareness, is a Shillman-Ginsburg Fellow at the Middle East Forum,