Last month, a newspaper in Exeter, England, carried a news item with this Thousand-and-One-Nights headline: "Rich Prince Shares Wealth with City's University Students." Saudi Prince Alwaleed bin Talal had flown into Exeter to make a gift of one million euros to the local university's Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies. The news item was absolutely breathless in its reportage. "Prince Alwaleed is almost certainly the richest person to have ever set foot in the city," the paper gushed. And he was "not one to travel lightly": "He originally planned to fly into Exeter Airport on his private A340 aircraft—one of the longest planes in the world and what would have been the largest plane ever to land at the airport. But he decided to settle for a more modest jet for his large entourage."
Remember Prince Alwaleed? He's the nephew of Saudi King Fahd and Crown Prince Abdullah. Forbes pegs him as the fifth-richest man in the world, at $17.7 billion net worth (half of it in Citigroup shares, which made him his fortune). And who can forget his monumental faux pas? Alwaleed visited Ground Zero in New York with then-Mayor Rudy Giuliani just after 9/11, and gave the city's Twin Towers relief fund a check for $10 million. Giuliani promptly returned it after Alwaleed, in the media spotlight, pinned the blame for 9/11 on U.S. support for Israel.
Alwaleed received a media drubbing, but that hasn't deterred him from his self-appointed mission to rescue the image of Islam and Saudi Arabia. He subsequently made a couple of small gifts—half a million each—to the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), and to the President George Herbert Walker Bush Scholarship Fund at Andover, the prep school that graduated both Bushes. It's the Saudi way. You give to legitimate causes (like the Twin Towers Fund and Andover), and exploit the gratitude to promote your political agenda (deflecting 9/11 responsibility or legitimizing CAIR-style advocacy). Pulling this off requires a deft touch, perfect timing, and the right amount of money. Alwaleed misread New York and Giuliani, and his timing was way off, but he usually gets it right, and he's back in the giving business.
His present plan runs in the direction of academe. Universities generate ideas, and Alwaleed regards one idea—the "clash of civilizations"—as positively dangerous to Arabs and Muslims. So he has embarked on a grand giving spree, to create academic "bridges" between Islam and the West, and specifically between the Arab world and the United States.
Last January, Alwaleed made a gift of $10 million to the American University in Cairo for a center for American studies (and a new humanities and social sciences building). It was the largest single gift ever made to the university. Last month, he turned up in Beirut to inaugurate another center for American studies, this one at the American University of Beirut. The price tag: $5.2 million. I actually think this is a worthwhile cause, although it's an obvious slap in the face to the indigenous universities. Their students are the ones who most desperately need lessons in America, but Egyptian or Saudi faculty would almost certainly turn such centers into "know-thine-enemy" hate factories.
But that's only one half of the strategy. In Cairo, Alwaleed hinted at the broader plan, when he called his American studies centers "one pillar of a bridge connecting the divide between the United States and the rest of the Arab World." He then added: "We now need to plant another [pillar] on the other side." In Exeter, he provided still more detail:
This endowment represents one component of a major effort that I have embarked upon to bridge the gap that has arisen between Islamic and Western communities in recent years. To that end, I have recently established centers of American studies and research at the American University in Cairo (AUC) and the American University of Beirut (AUB). And I am in the process of establishing centers of Arab and Islamic studies at select universities in the United States.Well! It's possible that at this very moment, Prince Alwaleed's scouts are scouring America for campuses to plant his "pillars," and you can bet that academic higher-ups who know it are primping themselves. Will the prince prefer entirely new centers on virgin soil? (King Fahd gave about $20 million ten years ago, to create a Middle East center in his name at the University of Arkansas.) Or will Alwaleed prefer to embed programs within existing Middle East centers at top universities? (Prince Sultan did that at Berkeley for $5 million, and Khalid al-Turki did it at Harvard for $2 million.) The mind boggles at the possibilities, when you think of the purchasing power of the world's fifth-richest man.
Of course, this is why we can't ever expect to get the straight story on Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism, and oil from people who operate within Middle Eastern studies. If you want a fabulously wealthy Saudi royal to drop out of the sky in his private jet and leave a few million, you had better watch what you say—which means you had better say nothing. For example, look at the program of the upcoming Middle East Studies Association conference, scheduled for November. The conference panels will include over 300 presentations. There are, by my count, at least twenty-five presentations dealing with the Palestinians. There are zero—that's right, zero—dealing with Saudi Arabia. Silence is golden.
Saudi money, as I've written before, has already compromised the research agenda in Middle Eastern studies. Prince Alwaleed's buying binge is liable to reduce the entire field to a cargo cult, with profs and center directors dancing the ardha in the hope of attracting the flying prince. This is great for Saudi Arabia. It's not at all great for the American public, which seeks objective assessments of the Saudi kingdom.
Can anything be done to mitigate creeping corruption? Here's an idea. The U.S. government subsidizes Middle East centers through the Title VI program of the Department of Education. Beginning next year, there will be seventeen National Resource Centers for the Middle East, a record number. Instead of funding so many centers, wouldn't it make more sense to concentrate taxpayers' resources in centers willing to forgo all foreign funding? Say no to foreign money, get more U.S. funding, and tell some truths about places like Saudi Arabia.
As Congress reauthorizes the Higher Education Act, it should give thought to the effect of foreign funding on area studies, and especially Middle Eastern studies. But that evaluation will take time. In the near future, don't be surprised to see grinning university presidents posing with Prince Alwaleed. They will say there are no strings attached. Puris omnia pura: To the pure all things are pure. Academics do flatter themselves.