A vacuum at the heart of the government's counter-extremism policy is leading British Muslims to despair in the face of spiralling Islamophobia, a former Labour Cabinet and Home Office minister has warned.

Liam Byrne says that thousands of Islamic State foreign fighters are expected to return to Europe, including Britain, after the fall of Mosul and use Donald Trump's inflammatory rhetoric to find fresh recruits in a new book.

In his book, Black Flag Down: Counter-extremism, defeating Isis and winning the battle of ideas, Byrne says that any new strategy must reflect current security services' thinking – which, he says, means rejecting David Cameron's claims that there is a simple "conveyor belt" that links religious faith to extremism.

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