Lena Stein lights a cigarette while she considers the question of whether she still feels safe as a Jew living in Germany. "I cannot answer that with yes or no," says the student from Frankfurt am Main, as she exhales a cloud of smoke into the icy winter air. "The subject is far too complex."

Julian-Chaim Soussan says he'll maintain his habit of looking over his shoulder. "From a Jewish perspective, Germany is one of the safest countries in Europe," says Soussan. "Politicians are very careful not to let anti-Semitism take hold here." Nonetheless, he has heard from others that there are doubts about how safe Jews should really feel in Germany.

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