"Animals dying in pain because of Muslim ignorance over stunning," the headline screamed. "Halal-slaughtered animals are 'dying in agony' because of 'Muslim ignorance' over pre-slaughter stunning, say experts," another cried.

But the experts in question never actually used the term "Muslim ignorance", described its use as "insulting" and criticised the newspapers involved for suggesting they held that view.

Academics from Bristol University's school of veterinary sciences had carried out a survey of attitudes towards stunning animals prior to slaughter among Islamic scholars and ordinary Muslims.

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