If the urgent challenge for Germany last year was sheltering the hundreds of thousands of people who descended on the country almost at once seeking asylum, then this year's task is to integrate them.

But before that can happen, there is sifting to do. Lots of it.

More than a million migrants have arrived in Germany, but the government emphasizes that far fewer will stay. So far, only 660,000 have permission to remain, officials said. And the federal government has urged Germany's 16 states to double last year's total of almost 60,000 deportations.

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