A majority of senators in the upper house of parliament voted on Tuesday not to ban the ritual slaughter of animals.
The draft legislation was introduced by the pro-animal PvdD in the lower house in June 2011 and passed by a large majority of MPs. It first went to the senate last December but was voted out.
At the time, party leader Marianne Thieme blamed the failure to get it through the senate on 'an enormous lobby' by religious groups. She vowed to start working on a new law.