Fifty years after the first Turks came to Germany, Michael Hofmann, an expert in Turkish-German relations, measures the influence the immigration has had on Germany.
They came as so-called "guest workers," invited to come make some money and contribute to Germany's economic boom - and leave. But 50 years later there are up to four generations of Turkish people living in Germany. So how has the second biggest ethnic community helped shape modern Germany?
Paderborn-based cultural researcher and head of the research project "Turkish German Relations and Cultural Transfer," Michael Hofmann, spoke with German news agency DPA.