Italy on Wednesday adopted far-right Interior Minister Matteo Salvini's tough anti-migrant and security decree, despite fierce criticism from the left.
The bill, which makes it easier to expel migrants and limits residency permits, was passed in the lower house of parliament with 396 in favour to 99 against.
"I'm happy, it's a memorable day," Salvini told journalists, shrugging off criticism from "left-wingers who think illegal immigration is not a problem".
The bill's adoption followed Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte's statement distancing Italy from the UN migration pact.
Parliament would have the last word on it and Rome would not attend a conference to ratify it, he said.