Chancellor Angela Merkel hopes a new immigration law will make it easier for foreign workers to find jobs in Germany, but her push to fill a record number of vacancies risks angering voters who still resent her open-door refugee policy.
While a growing number of the 2015 migrants are finding jobs, the process is slow given the urgency of the need for workers. It takes three to five years for a poorly-educated Syrian or Iraqi to learn German and get a professional qualification.
In addition, the coalition parties disagree over whether refugees should be allowed to shed asylum status if they have found a job and learned German.
The conservatives say this will encourage immigration by asylum seekers without the right skills. The SPD want a more pragmatic approach.