Are they "secular" Muslims? Are they "open" or indeed "progressive"? Several Muslims answering these descriptions have spoken out in recent days in France and in Canada to condemn the polarization of the debate over Islam.

Claiming not to identify either with those people who show contempt for "the Islamization of society" nor among the crusaders against "Islamophobia",  they say they feel that they are being held hostage between competing discourses and have called for a greater diversity of views.

Writing in the Quebec newspaper Le Devoir, on Tuesday, October 13, Hadi Qaderi, a professor of political science at the University of Quebec in Montreal, who is a Muslim of Afghan origin, said that he feels "caught in a sandwich" between the two camps.

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