Turks and Arabs Welcomed the Balfour Declaration

by Efraim Karsh

Leading Ottoman and Arab figures made overtures to the idea of a Jewish national homeland.

The "Ottoman Balfour Declaration"

by Wolfgang G. Schwanitz

What lay behind a 1918 Ottoman declaration expressing sympathy for the establishment of a Jewish homeland?

Russia's Goals Go beyond Damascus

by Anna Borshchevskaya

Russia's intervention in Syria fits within Putin's desires to return Russia to the Middle East.

Russia's Entrenchment in Syria

by Grigory Melamedov

Though Russia's intervention in Syria has not been as effective as widely portrayed, it has accomplished two important goals.