Why Putin Wants Syria

by Jiri Valenta and Leni Friedman Valenta

Russia's military intervention in Syria that began on September 30, 2015, is its first major intrusion into the Levant since June 1772 when "Russian forces bombarded, stormed, and captured Beirut, a fortress on the coast of Ottoman Syria."[1] Then as

Shifting Eastern Mediterranean Alliances

by Emmanuel Karagiannis

The Eastern Mediterranean is changing fast with its estimated 122 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of natural gas reserves (the equivalent of 21 billion barrels of oil) already having an impact on regional patterns of amity and enmity.[1] With Israel and

The Burqa Challenge to Europe

by Paul Cliteur and Machteld Zee

In the summer of 2014, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) upheld previously passed French legislation, popularly known as the "burqa ban."[1] In doing so, it accepted the argument that the public wearing of this Islamically-connected full-body

Erdoğan's One-Man Islamist Show

by Burak Bekdil

Secular and liberal Turks sighed with premature relief when on June 7, 2015, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP) lost its parliamentary majority in general elections for the first time since