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DEMOCRACY IN THE MIDDLE EAST

Lorne Craner, Will U.S. Democratization Policy Work?
Washington's promotion of democracy is irreversible

Roberto Menotti, Democratize but Stabilize
European democratization is slow but sound

Saliba Sarsar, Quantifying Arab Democracy
The numbers show that democracy hasn't taken root

DEBATE: "Democracy Is about More Than Elections"
Four specialists evaluate the Bush administration's democracy policy

Franck Salameh, Middlebury's Arabic Morass
A language program crosses the line between instruction and indoctrination

Ilya Bourtman, Israel and Azerbaijan's Furtive Embrace
Two unlikely allies cooperate against a common Islamist threat

REEXAMINING HISTORY

Shmuel Bar, Palestine or Peace? A 1960 Jordanian Peace Initiative
King Hussein was forward thinking. Just how much may surprise

Edward J. Erickson, Armenian Massacres: New Records Undercut Old Blame
A leading suspect absolved by military records

DOCUMENTS

Assessing the Islamist Threat, Circa 1946
Six decades ago, U.S. Intelligence raised the alarm about radical Islam ...

Confronting Islamist Totalitarianism
... And Muslim intellectuals repeat the warning today

CORRESPONDENCE

Negative book review on Turkish-Iraqi Kurdish relations

REVIEWS

Darfur ... Energy security ... Hofstadgroep ... Jihad ... Lebanon ... Morocco ... Kerbala

COMMENTARY

Michael Rubin, Dissident Watch: Yücel Aşkın
A secular university rector angers Turkey's Islamist prime minister