More than 500 immigrants and refugees have been fined for not passing integration exams within three years of their arrival, Trouw reported on Wednesday.

People who don't pass the tests, which include language and knowledge of Dutch society, can be fined up to €1,250.

However, Dorine Manson, director of refugee organisation Vluchtelingenwerk, told Radio 1 that not everyone who has been fined is to blame for failing to pass the integration programme.

Some people have to wait three months before they can take a test and then a further month for the results, pushing them over the three-year limit, she said.

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