In an inconspicuous building near City Hall, Imam Fouad Saanadi meets with bewildered parents and fragile youngsters, some of whom have never stepped foot inside a mosque.

Many come from troubled families and neighborhoods. Some are mentally unstable.  He and a small group of experts are fighting a powerful adversary: militant Islam.

"Each case is different," Saanadi says of Bordeaux's year-old CAPRI program aimed at preventing radicalization. "Our role is to offer critical thinking, a serene approach to religion that's not conflictual or linked to identity issues."

Across Europe, governments and local communities are searching for ways to counter extremism after a wave of largely homegrown terrorist attacks.

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