Police and the federal government "are not the enemies" of Islam, the justice minister Michael Keenan has said in an address aimed in part at reassuring Australia's Muslim community in the wake of social tensions.

Keenan, who is also the minister assisting the prime minister on counter-terrorism, spoke about the "significant ongoing threat of terrorism" during an address to the Lowy Institute in Sydney on Friday.

He moved to reassure Australia's Muslim population that counter-terrorism measures were not aimed solely at them.

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