Even before the attack was completed, Headley and his handlers had their sights on a subsequent attack in Europe. They wanted to wage on assault on Jyllands-Posten, the newspaper whose 2005 publication of cartoons depicting the prophet Muhammad unleashed a wave of violent protests across the Muslim world.

In October 2008, Headley, Lashkar operative Saajid Mir, and a Pakistani intelligence official identified as Major Iqbal discussed attacking the newspaper's offices and killing an editor and a cartoonist. Headley and Mir disagreed over whether to focus on just the two employees or include more people in the attacks. Mir justified including more people in the attacks, saying, "All Danes are responsible for this," Headley testified.

Headley traveled to Denmark in January 2009 to conduct surveillance of Jyllands-Posten offices in Copenhagen and Arhus. He identified himself as an immigration consultant and used Rana's business as a cover for his operations. Headley said he informed Rana about the operation. Rana said it was "good" and that "discussion on this matter had been long overdue."

Headley even went inside the newspaper offices on the pretext of buying an ad for his immigration business. In a January 2009 e-mail, Headley described his visit to Rana.

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