The current system of integration courses and lessons for refugees is so complicated that many cannot find their way and the government needs to step in, according to new research by the Verwey-Jonker Institute.
Since 2013, refugees and other newcomers are responsible for sorting out their own integration into Dutch society and have three years to pass seven exams on Dutch culture, the language and finding work.
However, of the refugees who started the process in 2013, some 40% have not yet completed the programme, the researchers say.
The institute says refugees are very willing to learn the language because they see it as key to settling into a new country. But the complicated rules, poor information and personal stresses make it difficult to comply.